History of Federal Personhood Amendments

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HISTORY TIMELINE:

Congress is very fragmented on Pro-Life Issues.  They cannot even agree on one Pro-Life view so agreeing on an amendment that would protect all unborn children is just not likely.  There has been hundreds of Personhood (Human Life) Amendments introduced into Congress in the past 35 years but they have all gotten nowhere.  Unfortunately, since the 1980s the Federal Personhood Amendment  was dropped as a viable project by the Pro-Life Movement due to the difficulty in getting it passed through a very diverse and partisan Congress.  The era of the Federal Personhood Movement had ended.

HUMAN LIFE AMENDMENT (1975)

          INACTIVE by National Right to Life

Section 1: With respect to the right to life, the word “Person” as used in this article and in the Fifth and Fourteenth Articles of Amendment to the Constitution of the United States applies to all human beings irrespective of age, health, function, or condition of dependency, including their unborn offspring at every stage of their biologic development.Section 2: No unborn person shall be deprived of life by any person; provided, however, that nothing in this article shall prohibit a law permitting only those medical procedures required to prevent the death of the mother.Section 3: The Congress and the several States shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

 THE PARAMOUNT AMENDMENT (1979)

INACTIVE by the American Life League
Dropped in 2008 for their new Federal Personhood Amendment

The paramount right to life is vested in each human being from the moment of fertilization with-out regard to age, health, or condition of dependency.

UNITY HUMAN LIFE AMENDMENT (1981)

          INACTIVE by National Right to Life

Section 1: The right to life is a paramount and most fundamental right of a person.Section 2: With respect to the right to life guaranteed to persons by the Fifth and Fourteenth Articles of Amendment to the Constitution, the word “person” applies to all human beings, irrespective of age, health, function, or condition of dependency, including their unborn offspring at every state of their biological development including fertilization.Section 3: No unborn person shall be deprived of life by any person; provided, however, that nothing in this article shall prohibit a law allowing justification to be shown for only those medical procedures required to prevent the death of either the pregnant woman or her unborn offspring as long as such law requires every reasonable effort be made to preserve the life of each.

Section 4: Congress and the several States shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

FEDERAL PERSONHOOD AMENDMENT (2008)

     ACTIVE by American Life League (ALL) RESEARCH:  ALL Personhood Page

Purpose:  To establish that legal personhood is granted to all human beings in the United States from the beginning of their biological development.

Section I:  The right to life is the paramount and most fundamental right of a person.

Section II:  With respect to the right to life guaranteed to persons by the fifth and 14th articles of amendment to the Constitution, the word “person” applies to all human beings; irrespective of age, health, function, physical or mental dependency, or method of reproduction; from the beginning of their biological development.

Section III:  Congress and the several States, including territories under United States control, shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Section IV:  Definitions

Human being: Any organism, including the single-cell human embryo, irrespective of the method of reproduction, who possesses a genome specific for and consistent with an individual member of the human species.

Human genome: The total amount of nuclear and extra-nuclear DNA genetic material that constitutes an organism as an individual member of the human species—including the single-cell human embryo.

Human embryo: The term is used to define all human beings from the beginning of the embryonic period of their biological development through eight weeks; irrespective of age, health, function, physical or mental dependency, or method of reproduction; whether in vivo or in vitro.

Human fetus: The term is used to define all human beings from the beginning of the fetal period of their biological development (the beginning of nine weeks) through birth; irrespective of age, health, function, physical or mental dependency, or method of reproduction; whether in vivo or in vitro.

Personhood: The legal recognition of a human being’s full status as a human person that applies to all human beings; irrespective of age, health, function, physical or mental dependency, or method of reproduction; from the beginning of their biological development.